On the Origin of Species (1859) - Charles Darwin
The number of believers who believe that God created the world has not diminished, and it is still growing. Every scripture has some form of story to confirm the statement. Therefore, anyone who says otherwise hailed as the craziest man in the world. Charles Darwin was one of them. According to the devotees, Darwin has committed a great crime by writing the book ‘On the Origin of Species’. This book strongly influenced the concept of God through its basic framework. In this book, Darwin writes about the origin of bacteria, germs, worms, mammals, monkeys, chimpanzees, and human species, making all statements regarding the origin of the world false.
Charles Robert Darwin was born in Shrewsbury, Shropshire, on 12 February 1809, at his family's home, The Mount. His Father Robert Darwin was a successful physician, and grandfather Erasmus Darwin, a wealthy man with an interest in science. His mother Susannah Darwin, was the daughter of the famous pottery manufacturer Josiah Wedgwood, but she died when Charles was eight. His sisters raised him after their mother’s death. At age nine he started his studies at Shrewsbury School. He was an average student.
In 1825 Darwin went to Edinburgh University in Scotland to study medicine. He soon lost interest and in 1828 he entered Christ's College in Cambridge, England to become a minister. He soon gave up that idea also, but he continued to study. He attended John Stevens Henslow's course in botany (the study of plants) and received his bachelor's degree in 1831.
His father wanted him to become a priest. Since he had no interest in that, he embarked on a journey as a naturalist for the ship named Beagle, surveying the coast of South America, on the recommendation of John Stevens Henslow. His father was furious that he sought something to prevent taking responsibility for the Church, but his uncle Charles supported him. This five-year-long journey wasn’t easy, he used to get sick on the journey. But when the boat came to shore, his illness disappeared. He loved the idea of collecting samples on the beach. Many specimens of flowers, mussels, beetles, sardines, etc. began to fill his bag. After anchoring near the island of the Galapagos, he found plenty of time for his hobby.
The Galapagos, a group of twenty-one small and large islands, had a wealth of diverse nature with 607 species of plants, 484 types of seaweeds, 29 types of landfills, 19 types of seabirds. Darwin started to keep records about these species in his diary. On his return to England, he prepared an observation report and sent it to the Journal of Research in 1839. He spent the next several years interpreting the information collected and was surprised at the conclusion.
He began to write about all the records, observations, and conclusions of the specimen and the book, Origin of Species, slowly took shape. After 20 years of research, his book finally got published in November 1859. 1250 copies of this book were printed and they sold quickly. His 155,000-word dissertation was about to change the world.
The main feature of this book was that the evolution of organisms has evolved through the process of natural selection. For this, Darwin used an example of his three observations. First observation, Animals give birth to many offspring to sustain their offspring, but very few of them can survive and contribute to the offspring. If all the fish released from the millions of eggs of codfish survive to the end, then these fish would have appeared on all the oceans and lands all around the world. But nature does not allow that to happen. The second observation was, all the living things were different from each other. Take the example of a human being, we all know that the fingerprints of everyone are very different. Although this diversity comes from heredity, animals do not clone themselves. According to another observation, when the specificity and traits of their species are passed on to the next generation, there may be occasional mutations or mutations of chromosomes, which may lead to the formation of new ones. It creates a very different and unobtrusive animation of the previous structure. By combining all three observations, Darwin came to the conclusion that animals have an innate tendency to live; Only those who can survive by changing their natural condition can survive. This is the only real living organism that can withstand such changes.
Whole England was shaken with the publication of a book. Until that time, there was the illusion that man was the only special creature with divine power behind it. Just as Newton's theory shocked the idea of inanimate objects, such as planets and stars in the universe. Darwin's theory of evolution shocked the vast ideas about human life. His theory of evolution was not only limited to biology, but also had far-reaching effects on many topics such as religious values, human values, moral values, culture, history, politics, philosophy, theology. At that time, this book eliminates the fantasies of the immortality of the soul and the godly nature of man. Concepts of God, Spirit, Godly judgment, divine wrath, reincarnation, sin-virtue started to seem futile which in result affected society. Spiritual ideas began to disappear.
In that period, many people were aware that humans are different from other species because of their brain. Many believed that the human brain was a divine miracle, not nature's gift. One has to say that the human brain is also created naturally if God did not create humans. It was also later acknowledged that human emotions and the brain are closely linked, which led to the study of psychological analysis and the study of human behavior.
The study of Darwinism gave birth to many new scientists later. Genetic science was an offspring of Darwin’s theory. Creek and Watson discovered how the genes are structured. The evolution of the human gene epidemic will be traced back to evolution, which explores how a single gene is structured in the human body. The study of chromosomes has begun to enrich reproductive science. The origin of James Lovelock's Gaia theory, which explains the basic laws of nature, can be traced back to Darwinism.
Darwin's theory of evolution was strongly opposed in his lifetime. Many ridiculed it as the theory of the monkey. Many experts found this theory to be contagious. But for the last 150 years, there has been ample evidence to support this theory. Fossil and Genetic science studies polish Darwin's theory and is still ongoing research.
-Editingle Indie House